Types of disinfectant solution, an ideal disinfectant or disinfectant should have the following characteristics:
On a wide range of bacteria, yeasts, molds and viruses.
Fast killing has an effect.
Do not be affected by environmental factors: it is active in the presence of organic matter such as blood, sputum and feces. And when used simultaneously with soap and other compatible chemicals b
Have the least risk to human health (user and patient).
Have good cleansing properties.
Ability to dilute in water.
Stable in concentrated and dilute state.
Product guide labels are clear enough and usable.
Does not cause corrosion on tools and metal surfaces and does not damage other items such as fabric, rubber and plastic and..
Create a lasting effect on surfaces by creating an antimicrobial layer.
Do not cause skin allergies.
Not harmful to the environment.
In long-term use, resistant strains do not develop n.
General Classification of Disinfectants and Disinfectants • High Level Disinfectants • Medium Level Disinfectants • Low Level Disinfectants
High level disinfectants:
Hydrogen peroxide: Effects on a wide range of organisms, including bacteria, fungi, yeasts, viruses and spores. And arthroscopes) are used in automatic devices. Glutaraldehyde: Glutaraldehyde is a saturated dialdehyde that has gained much acceptance as a high-level disinfectant and chemical sterilizer. Formaldehyde: This solution is carcinogenic and should not be in direct contact with it during use. Medium-level disinfectants • Chlorine and chlorine compounds: Hypochlorites are the most widely used chlorinated disinfectants. Iodine and Iodine Compounds: Iodophore is a combination of iodine and solvent or carrier agents, the resulting set of which provides a continuous release tank and releases small amounts of free iodine into aqueous solution. Alcohols: Alcohols have faster bactericidal properties than other bacteriostatic agents against vegetative bacteria. Low-level disinfectants • Phenolphenol and compounds: Phenol derivatives are formed when a group of alkyl, phenyl, benzyl and halogen replaces one of the hydrogen atoms on the aromatic ring. Quaternary ammonium compounds: Quaternary ammonium compounds are widely used as disinfectants, but should not be used as antiseptics.